How to make a crème pâtissière

How to make a crème pâtissière

Crème pâtissière, also known as pastry cream or ‘crème pât’, is a rich, creamy custard thickened with flour. It is a key ingredient of many French desserts such as soufflés, fruit tarts and mille-feuille. It is often flavoured with vanilla, but it is a versatile base for almost any flavour; chocolate, coffee, fruit zest, or even a splash of brandy.


  • 250ml of whole milk
  • 1 vanilla pod, or 1 tsp vanilla extract
  • 50g of caster sugar
  • 3 egg yolks
  • 10g of plain flour
  • 10g of cornflour
Bring the milk and vanilla to the boil in a saucepan then remove from the heat
Mix the sugar, egg yolks and flours together until thoroughly incorporated
Pour a third of the warmed milk over the egg mixture and whisk vigorously
Pour the egg mixture into the saucepan with the milk and continue to whisk over a medium heat
Cook until the mixture thickens, being careful not to let it burn on the bottom of the pan
Remove from the heat cover with cling film to prevent a skin forming. Allow to cool and place in the fridge until needed


For a silky smooth finish, whisk the crème patissière before using.


Crème pâtissière is the vital component of a host of desserts and sweet snacks. To make a sweet soufflé, for example, you will first have to master the art of the pastry cream, then whisk the leftover egg whites until fluffy for a light, airy finish. Similarly, no trifle is complete without a thick, rich pastry cream applied liberally in layers with booze-drenched cake, jelly and fruit. It also makes a sublime doughnut filling.

Naturally, crème pâtissière is a must-have item when trying your hand at French pâtisserie. Try Pascal Aussignac’s classic strawberry tart recipe to start, which sees a pastry case filled with a loving layer of pastry cream and topped with fresh strawberries for a family-sized spin on tarte aux fraises. A classic clafoutis would also be incomplete without this decadent cream holding everything together.

Nancy Ann-Harbord’s host of éclair recipes demonstrate the level of flavour fun that you can achieve, once you have the knack. Raspberry and rose, gin and tonic and salted caramel-flavoured pastry creams are used to fill her choux creations for a lavish, creative take on a classic.